Allan Kaprow was born in Atlantic City, USA in 1927 and became one of the pioneers of action art. He studied under John Cage and Hans Hofmann, amongst others, finding his way through the medium of painting to more ephemeral and interactive art forms. With his happenings and influential essays on art theory, he was one of the first artists of the modern era to defy the commodification of art and campaigned to free it from the clutches of museum structures. In addition to his action art, his body of work, spanning a period of over 40 years, also includes assemblages, paintings and collages that were exhibited both during his lifetime and posthumously in numerous international galleries and museums including Kunsthalle Bern, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Hauser & Wirth, New York City, Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin, Tate Modern, London, mumok, Vienna, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, ZKM, Karlsruhe, Centre Pompidou, Paris, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, MOCA, Los Angeles and at documenta, Kassel. Alongside his own artistic practice, Kaprow also held a range of university teaching positions, including at Rutgers University in New Jersey, the Pratt Institute in New York and the University of California in San Diego. The artist died in Encinitas, California in 2006.